IT'S ON THE 
TIP 
OF MY TONGUE

Table of Contents
AA User Friendly Memory Book
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Table of Contents

 
 

 
 
 
   PART 1 Getting Started–What You  Should Know about Word Finding   1 

Chapter 1 Definitions of Word Finding  and Word-Finding Difficulties   3 

What Is Word Finding? 4 
What Are Word-Finding Difficulties? 4 

Characteristics of Word-Finding Difficulties 6
Circumstances When You Can Have Word-finding Difficulties 8 
Rules for Successful Improvement of Your Word-finding Skills 9 

Chapter 2 Types of Word-Finding Errors  13

  A “Slip of the Tongue”–Word Substitution  14
  A “Tip of the Tongue”–Lost Word  17 
  A “Twist of the Tongue”–Word Attempt  23

PART 2 Self-Evaluation and Word-Finding Strategies   27
 
Chapter 3. Self-Evaluation of Your Word-finding Skills 29


          Identifying Your Word-Finding Patterns 30 

          Most Common Patterns for Each Error Type 32 
 

Chapter 4 Strategies Are the Key 37 

          What Are Word-Finding Strategies? 38 
          Specific Word-Finding Strategies 38 
 

PART 3 The “Slip of the Tongue” Word-Finding  Error 57
 

Chapter 5 Getting Started 59 
 

Chapter 6 Strategies to Reduce “Slips of the Tongue” 
               with Names and Common Words 61 

            Using the Pausing Strategy with Proper Names 64 
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to 
            Reduce “Slips of the Tongue” with Names of Places, 
            Events, and Entities 73 
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to  Reduce 
            “Slips of the Tongue” with Common Words 76 
 

Chapter 7 Final Guidelines for Applying Strategies

                  to Reduce “Slips of the Tongue” 83 
 

 Final Guidelines 84
 PART 4 The “Tip of the Tongue Word-Finding Error"  85

Chapter 8 Getting Started 87
Chapter 9 Strategies to Reduce “Tip of the Tongue”

                 Errors with Names and Common Words 89

            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategie to Reduce “Tip of the Tongue” Experiences with Proper Names 92
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to  Reduce “Tip of the Tongue” Experiences with Names of  Places, Events, and Entities 100
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies  to Reduce “Tip of the Tongue” Experiences with Common Words 110
 

Chapter 10 Final Guidelines for Applying  Strategies  to Reduce “Tip of the Tongue” Experiences 119


 

                 Final Guidelines 120 
 

PART 5 The “Twist of the Tongue”Word-Finding  Error 123

Chapter 11 Getting Started 125
 Chapter 12 Strategies to Reduce “Twists of the Tongue”  with Names and Common Words 127

            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to Reduce “Twist of the Tongue” Errors with Proper Names 130
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to Reduce “Twist of the Tongue” Errors with Names of  Places, Events, and Entities 137
            Examples of Applying Word-Finding Strategies to Reduce “Twist of the Tongue” Errors with Common Words 144
 

Chapter 13 Final Guidelines for Applying Strategies to  Reduce “Twists of the  Tongue” 155
 

                   
                   Final Guidelines 156

   PART 6 Troubleshooting 157
 

Chapter 14 Word Finding at Social Functions and  Recreational Activities 159

                   

              Preparation Plans to Reduce Potential 
              Word-Finding Difficulties at Upcoming Events 160
 

Chapter 15 Word Finding when Giving Speeches and  Presentations and Participating in Meetings 165
 

                   

            Preparation Plans to Reduce Word-Finding  Errors
            During Presentations and Speeches 165
            Activities to Reduce Demands on Your Word-Finding System During Presentations or Speeches 169
            Preparation Plans to Reduce Word-Finding Errors when Talking or Asking Questions at a Meeting 170
 

   PART 7 Strategies and Accommodations for Academic-and  Work-Related Vocabulary 173

                 
 Chapter 16 Word-Finding Strategies for Academic and Work-Related Vocabulary 175
 

            Why Do You Need to Apply Word-Finding Strategies to Academic- and Work-Related Vocabulary? 176
            Word-Finding Strategies for Academic- and Work-Related Vocabulary 176

Chapter 17 Word-Finding Accommodations in Academic and Work Settings 197

                 What Are Accommodations for Word Finding? 198
                 What Are Helpful Word-Finding Accommodations for Academic Settings? 198
                 What Are Helpful Word-Finding Accommodations  for Work Settings? 202

References 207

Index 212 xi

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